Bloating (flatulence) is a symptom of excess gas in the intestines. In the intestines of a healthy person, the volume of intestinal gases is approximately 200 ml, and the average amount of air released from the gastrointestinal tract per day is approximately 600 ml. Air enters the digestive tract when swallowed while eating or drinking. Some of it comes back as a result of belching, while some goes to further parts of the gastrointestinal tract. The main gas in the human digestive tract is nitrogen (90%), mainly from the air introduced into the digestive tract by ingestion, the remaining gases are: oxygen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and methane.

What is flatulence?

Bloating may be a symptom of functional digestive disorders – it is the so-called functional flatulence. It can also accompany other functional gastroenterological disorders as well as many organic diseases.

According to the Rome III Criteria, functional abdominal distension is defined as a recurrent feeling of bloating or visible enlargement of the abdominal circumference at least 3 days a month for 3 months.

People with excess gas often also suffer from other ailments such as abdominal pain, bad breath, anorexia, an early feeling of fullness after a meal, nausea, bowel cramps, constipation, and frequent gas emission, indicating a functional bowel disease. The resolution of ailments after defecation and gas passing speaks in favor of a functional disorder.

The causes of flatulence

– irritable bowel syndrome

– constipation

– diarrhea

– niedrożność jelita cienkiego lub grubego

– uchyłki jelita cienkiego

– lactase deficiency (lactose intolerance)

– fructose, sorbitol and starch intolerance

– eating beans and other legumes

– celiac disease (affects 1% of the population, most often children, flatulence results from an abnormal reaction to gluten)

– Hypothyroidism

– taking medications (anticholinergics, opiates, calcium channel antagonists, antidepressants). They lead to increased gas production due to delayed intestinal transit.

What about flatulence?

Diet

*dieta Low FODMAP – is currently the only diet documented in research that brings benefits in intestinal disorders, especially in irritable bowel syndrome. It is indicated in intestinal disorders, intestinal microflora disorders, flatulence, constipation, diarrhea as well as food allergies and hypersensitivity. FODMAP is an abbreviation of the first letters for short-chain carbohydrates (sugars), poorly digested, fermented by intestinal bacteria (Fermentation – Oligosaccharides – DisaccharidesMonosaccharides. The name Low FODMAP means less FODMAP. Oligosaccharides (products such as: wheat, rye, onion, garlic) legumes), Disaccharides (disaccharides, e.g. lactose) Monosaccharides (simple sugars, such as glucose and fructose, glucose-fructose syrups)

Flatulence diet

Probiotics

Peppermint oil

Medicines

There are many classes of drugs on the market that are used to treat people suffering from abdominal gas.

Herbal preparations

Herbal preparations and numerous herbal teas are a milder alternative than medications and sometimes it is worth reaching for natural methods of dealing with any gastrointestinal ailments first. What to choose for flatulence? Recommendable herbal preparations / teas are those that contain, among others:

Treatment of flatulence should be started primarily by changing the eating style, keeping a food diary to eliminate products that cause unpleasant ailments. The digestive herbs mentioned above also work well for flatulence. In the event of no improvement, appropriately selected drugs should be used.

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